Beijing, or the North in the Chinese language, is the capital and the largest city of the country. It is the most important city and center that is almost included in all travel packages in China.
The city of Beijing is located in the northern section of the China. In fact, mountains stretch in the Western, Northern, and Eastern sections of the city, while plains are extended over a large area in the South Eastern area of Beijing that enjoys a variety in its terrains that attract many nature fans who travel to China to explore the city.
The history of Beijing goes back to the period of the Western Zhou period, a dynasty that emerged from 1046 to 771 BC during the era of the Warring States; Beijing became the capital of the most powerful and influential dynasty that was called the Yan Dynasty. This is the reason why Beijing hosts some of the most wonderful monuments like the Forbidden City that welcomes a lot of tourists who travel to China.
The importance of the city relatively declined afterwards. However, it preserved its political influence for more than 10 decades before it became the capital of the ruling dynasty once again. Today, Beijing became one of the largest and most impressive cities in the world visited by thousands of travelers who tour China.
The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is one of the most interesting historical sites of Beijing that is almost included in many travel packages in China. Located at the heart of the city, the Forbidden City was enlisted in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Being the residence of the royal family for quite a considerable period of time, the Forbidden City was established in the beginning of the 15th century BC. This complex is considered the most ancient best-preserved palaces in China. Today, the Forbidden City hosts around one million antiquities and the complex itself is a masterpiece of architectural art that grabs the attention of thousands of tourist who spend their holidays in China.
The Summer Palace
The Summer Palace consists of large lakes, gardens, and a number of royal palaces situated in Beijing that occupies more than 3 square kilometers. The palace was built on a hill that is 60 meters above the level of the main lake situated in the region. The summer palace is among the places that are recommended for tourists who travel to China.
Inside the palace, there are numerous chambers that are featured with some remarkable decorations and ornaments. In fact, in 1998, the summer palace was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Constructed in the middle of the 12th century AD, by the Gin Dynasty, today the summer palace is one of the popular historical sites among tourists who enjoy their vacations in China.
The Temple of Heaven
Constructed in 1420 BC, the Temple of Heaven is one of the most important Taoism temples in Beijing and an impressive historical site explored by many tourists who travel to China as well.
With a surface area of more than 2.7 million meters, the Temple of Heaven is the largest worship institute in China today. In fact, the Temple of Heaven is four times larger than the famous Forbidden City. Featured with its significant architectural elements and decorations, the temple is remarkable and it is always worth a visit for travelers who tour China.